Shampoos and body washes are formulations used for cleaning made up primarily of chemicals called surfactants that can surround oily materials on surfaces allowing them to be rinsed away by water. Shampoos are a solution form of cosmetic product, the simplest among cosmetic formulations. But if you’re just getting started in making cosmetics, in the case of shampoos and body washes you just have to mix the raw materials all together as they will blend very nicely because of their stable properties.
There are a limited number of shampoo types marketed, although they have lots of different names such as volumizing and moisturizing, shampoo for hair types (curly, coloured, baby hairs), natural shampoos, medicated shampoos, and speciality shampoos (powdered, spray, no-rinse, co-washing). However, while formulating a shampoo you need to figure out what characteristics you want like how thick it will be, the colour, and fragrance.
Shampoos and body wash are basically formulated with 80% of water; 10-15% of detergents (like ammonium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLES) and Sodium Laureth sulfate, (SLS) decyl glucoside and lauryl glucoside); 5-10% foam boosters (like Lauramide DEA or Cocamidopropyl Betaine); thickeners; conditioning agents; preservatives; and other ingredients.
Now let’s understand how the manufacturing process is conducted.
- Compounding: In this large scale cosmetic production, all the ingredients are mixed together in large, stainless steel tanks (3000 liters or more) by workers known as compounders. The raw materials are then poured into the batch tank and thoroughly mixed. The order and temperatures are determined and a computer interface is used to control the mixing speed.
- Quality Control check: Here the quality control department approves for things like proper pH, viscosity, colour, odour and other specified characteristics. Once approved, it is pumped out of the main batch tank into a holding tank where it is stored until the filling lines are ready.
Filling: This line is just a long conveyor belt. Here the empty bottles are put into a hopper and are physically manipulated by a machine until they are upright and correctly oriented. They move along the conveyor belt to the filling carousel holding the shampoo.
However, to advance your cosmetic manufacturing process Wahal Engineers introduce our professionally manufactured top 5 machines with their benefits:
1.Sigma Mixers (Z arm Mixers)
2. Bead Mill, Dyna Mill, Dyno Mill, Sand Mill
3. Ribbon Blenders Mixers
4. Inline homogenizer
5. High Shear Mixers